Electronic cigarette (EC) is a promising tool for a safer consumption of nicotine. Although there is no combustion in EC and much less cancerogenic products in e-liquids than in tobacco cigarettes1, some studies about vapor composition found important levels of aldehydes2. Globally, studies about vapor composition are lacking of information (conditions of use, devices, e-liquid composition…). In order to prove that each information about the conditions of emission generation is important, we have studied the influence of puff duration, power, resistor surface and e-liquid composition on aldehydes and BTEX production (BTEX: Benzene, Toluene, ethyl-benzene, xylene).
For the generation of emission, we used our vaping machine U-SAV, dedicated to vaping products3. Thanks to a cryogenic trap and an impinger with DNPH solution, we collected the vapor and made all required analysis for target molecules. We also analyzed the nicotine recuperation rate to ensure the correct running of the experiment. The following parameters have been fixed for all the experiments: flow (1.1L/min) and interpuff duration (60s).
Other parameters have been changed, one by one, to study their impact as follows:
- Power (15/50/80 Watts)
- Resistor surface : 2 different surfaces for one value : 0.5Ω
- Puff duration : 4s/9s
- E-liquid composition :
- N° 1 : PG/VG (v/v) : 70/30, 1% of water, 1% of ethanol, 0.1% vanilline, 0.2% isoalamic alcohol, 0.1% acid methyl 2 butyrique, 10mg/mL of nicotine
- N°2 : PG/VG (v/v): 50/50, 2% de menthol, 6mg/mL of nicotine
This scientific study was presented by OpenSciences team at the Global Forum on Nicotine in Warsaw in June 2017.